Magdi Yacoub is one of the world's most respected cardiac surgeons. Namely, Lister introduced the use of phenol or carbolic acid as an antiseptic to sterilise surgical instruments and clean wounds. His discovery helped saved millions of lives in the Spanish Civil War. After doing her graduation from Columbia’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, she completed her residency and became the director of the newly Formed Division of Anesthesia at Columbia in 1938. He was one of the few pioneers of neurology and was the first one to identify and describe multiple sclerosis. The educator and famous Russian doctor is Valery Shumakov. He is credited in pioneering the modern arterial switch operation, making UK a leading center for heart transplantation, advocating the usage of left ventricle assist devices, performing the first UK live lobe lung transplantation, and establishing the Chain of Hope Charity that provides cardiothoracic surgical care to the developing countries. James Parkinson (1755 – 1824) Though James Parkinson was active and highly interested in geology, paleontology and politics, its his contributions in the medical field that have made him a public figure. Would you like to write for us? Henry Gray (1827 – 1867) Dr. Henry Gray was an English anatomist and surgeon who made headlines by publishing the book Gray’s Anatomy. Born in 1966 to Hezekiah and Margaret Ochieng, in Goma village, Usenge in Bondo District, Kenya, David Owuor, popularly known as Prophet Owuor is the second child in a family of six girls and three boys. Minot was also impressed with Dr. George Whipple’s experiment of curing anemia in dogs by feeding red meat. Benjamin Spock (1903 – 1998) Dr. Spock is credited for sparking a revolution of confidence among the moms of the United States. 94% A famous real or fictional doctor for Windows phone is not yet available. He first made headlines in the 70s for his brilliant research and work in the fields of obstetric physiology, gynecology and fetal monitoring. He soon became a lecturer of anatomy at St. George’s hospital and published his globally acclaimed work at the age of 31. Although a practising doctor, his famous works were in fields of dreams, psychology and philosophy. 6, 2011) is credited with studies that led to the invention of an improved incubator and a device to treat jaundice. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Angelina Jolie (4 June 1975 – ) American actress, movie director, humanitarian and global celebrity. Television has had many famous doctors, usually of the heroic and handsome variety. He was a pioneer of antiseptic procedures, that is, of preventing damaged tissues form getting infected or rotting. Biography Manila Bulletin Demystifies Victoria’s Secret as Dra Farrah Agustin-Bunch From the article entitled Victoria’s “Best Kept” Secret is a Doctor by JELLIFFE LOUISE S. DAVA How did a medical clinic in Victoria, Tarlac become one of the most famous cancer treatment facilities in … Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The first edition was published in 1858 and contained 750 pages with 363 illustrations created by Henry Vandyke Carter, a skilled draughtsman and former demonstrator of anatomy at St. George’s Hospital. He also wrote various books in his time which are still extremely popular and his most of his coveted work can be found in the Osler Library of the History of Medicine at McGill University. Although the patient died after 18 days due to pneumonia complications, Barnard’s achievement was hailed as an important landmark in the field of medicine. She is a world famous ENT Doctor and treats problems of ear, head, nose, throat and neck. The Doctor's childhood is a period of his life about which we have very little information. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. To honor his research, hepatolenticular degeneration later came to be known as Wilson’s disease. Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson (1878 – 1937) Samuel Wilson was a brilliant pathologist and made important contributions in the field of neurology. University Press of Kentucky. Hippocrates, about 460 BC – 377 BC, is a famous doctor and the father of Western medicine. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. He is also credited for developing the Whipple’s triad for diagnosing insulinoma. Before that, the only way to understand a patient’s heartbeat or other chest sounds was by placing the ear on his/her chest. Instead, “the Doctor” in DR. WHO traveled the universe, battling monsters and robots in this and other dimensions. He is still remembered for his groundbreaking innovations in blood transfusions that helped saved millions of lives. Santiago Ramón y Cajal: biography of the most famous Spanish doctor Santiago Ramón y Cajal is, without a doubt, the best known and most important scientist in the history of Spain. Hippocrates: Life, Contributions And The Hippocratic Oath. This score determines the heath of a newborn on the basis of five factors: Appearance, Pulse, Activity, Respiration, and Grimace. Theodor Billroth (1823-1894) This article would really be incomplete if Dr. Christian Albert Theodor Billroth was left out. A pioneer in acquiring equal rights for women in the field of education, she was also a well-respected social and moral reformer in England and the US. Avicenna, as he is known in the West, was a prolific author. Emil Theodor Kocher (1841 – 1917) One of the most famous doctors in the history of medicine, Emil Theodor Kocher was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work involving the thyroid gland. After completing his education, he started assisting his father and took control over his father’s clinic with his brother. The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2017. After completing his M.D. He also authored the book Le chirurgien dentiste (The Surgeon Dentist), in which he explains the basics of oral anatomy, methods of treating decayed teeth, tooth transplantation, and orthodontics. The article below will present some of the leading figures in medicine throughout the history of mankind, from Hippocrates or Merit-Ptah (a great doctor of ancient Egypt) to Virginia Apgar, one of the most important doctors of the 20th century. In addition to this discovery, his research on bacteriology, immunology and chemotherapy is considered nothing less than a miracle. Looking at his excellence, he was made the director of ‘Blood for Britain’: the first blood bank project established during World War II to aid British soldiers. A Lutheran, Schweitzer challenged both the secular view of … However, with the introduction of stethoscope physicians were able to explore sounds of the chest and lungs. Avicenna is the most famous physician of the Islamic Golden Age. in 1933 and started working at Columbia University where he was the first African-American to earn a Doctor of Medical Science degree. After completing his M.D. Let's take a look at some famous American…, An anthropologist focuses on the study of human societies and human nature. Doctors are not just immensely talented in their field of expertise, but gifted in their ability to perform daring and commendable services. Not only that, highly complicated surgeries which were not possible some years ago are being performed on a daily basis. His devised procedures are still practiced by doctors, but with some modifications. With their consistent efforts, they also ensured that every human in this world gets the best medical facilities and retains optimum health. In this condition copper starts accumulating in tissues which damages the liver and the person also suffers from neurological and psychiatric symptoms. These doctors worked tirelessly for years for the betterment of humanity and by looking through their miraculous feats it is clear that working for the betterment of mankind is one of the most humane things to do. It was much later, that his research found admiration and Freud’s work became an important part of psychology. Carlos Chagas (1879 – 1934) One of the most brilliant minds of his time, Carlos Chagas is credited for discovering Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis which is prevalent in Latin America. He first described Down syndrome as a mental illness in 1862 and published a detailed report in 1866 titled, “Observations on the Ethnic Classification of Idiots”. Famous Doctor of Ancient Greece Hippocrates. However, his theory and work rapidly and progressively developed towards the discipline he called psychoanalysis. Carlos Chagas started working at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute and was sent to nearby location to tackle large number of malaria cases. in London, he started working as an assistant physician at the London Hospital. Jahren, H. (2017). We hope you are enjoying ScienceStruck! Some of the famous anthropologists who contributed in understanding the modern concept of anthropology are Franz Boas, Ruth…. In 1938, he traveled to China and helped established modern medical facilities and also trained the young generation in basic medical techniques. Asclepius: History Of The Greek God Of Medicine, Avicenna (Ibn Sina): Biography And The Canon Of Medicine, MÃ©dicos famosos: los 9 doctores mÃ¡s cÃ©lebres de la historia, Tryptophan: Definition, Uses And Tryptophan Foods, Thyroid: Definition And Endocrine Diseases. He also developed theories on the effects of blood pressure which are used even today. There are many surgical instruments named after Kocher. After returning, he noticed all the dishes except one were contaminated with fungus. Today, diseases such as polio, smallpox and malaria have been successfully eliminated from major parts of the world. Josef Mengele (March 16, 1911 - February 7, 1979) was a Nazi SS doctor who experimented on twins, dwarves, and others at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp during the Holocaust.Although Mengele looked kind and handsome, his heinous, pseudoscientific medical experiments, often performed on young children, has placed Mengele as one of the most villainous and notorious Nazis. Charles Drew (1904 – 1950) One of the most famous African-American doctors during the US segregation period, Dr. Drew got his M.D. Blackwell is now considered a feminist icon for this reason as well as for her contributions to promoting the study of this discipline by women. Avicenna (Ibn Sina): biography of the famous doctor and philosopher In the western world we have heard a lot about great Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Plato, as well as many more modern ones such as René Descartes, John Locke or Baruch Spinoza. His research was received with a mixed reaction but slowly it was recognized and penicillin was hailed as a magic drug. Louis Pasteur is one of the best doctors in the world. Dr. Wilson is also globally recognized for his contributions in the field of epilepsy, narcolepsy, speech disorders and apraxia. The famous Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome is also named after him. Dr. Spock was one of the first pediatricians to understand the psychoanalysis of children, their needs and the overall family dynamics. After completing his education, Whipple began working on the surgical removal of the pancreas and was successful in 1935. The operation lasted 9 hours and required a team of 30 people. He suspected that this parasite could affect humans and after doing some thorough research, he completed the pathology of this new disease. He is also known for writing ‘On the Miners’, a book about all the sicknesses contracted through metal exposure. In February 2003, he was called in to check a bad influenza case. Minot and Murphy also played an important role in the discovery of ‘Fraction G’ (pure liver extracts) which could be injected or administered orally to patients. Charles Horace Mayo (1865 – 1939) One of the most famous American doctors, Charles Mayo was one of the founders of the world’s most famous medical clinic; Mayo Clinics. Before going on a month’s vacation, Dr. Fleming had left several bacteria cultures growing in various dishes. https://www.famousbirthdays.com/people/mikhail-varshavski.html Harvey Cushing (1869 – 1939) Known as the ‘Father of Modern Neurological Surgery’, Harvey Cushing was inclined towards medicine from an early age and is credited in bringing bold and improved innovations in the field of medicine and surgery. Not only was it popular during ancient times, but also in the Europe of the Middle Ages. Namely, Lister introduced the use of phenol or carbolic acid as an antiseptic to sterilise surgical instruments and clean wounds. He also protested against racial discrimination in blood donation, and was removed from service temporary. In 1963 I met all the qualifications for medical school admission as I did in 1979. Thomas Hodgkin (1798 – 1866) Considered to be one of the most prominent pathologists of his time, Thomas Hodgkin is best known for the discovery of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. He also devised the ‘tripartite’ version of the mind which helped him have a better understanding of the psychological development of the brain. 8. Alfred Blalock (1899 – 1964) Another great name whose contributions opened doors to a new era in the world of medicine. In fact, at present, it is known that he wrote more than 450 works, of which only 40 deal with medicine. Christiaan Neethling Barnard (1922 – 2001) After completing his internship and residency at the Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, Dr. Barnard began his career as a cardiothoracic surgeon at Groote Schuur Hospital in 1958, where he established the hospital’s first heart unit. These doctors have played an extremely important part in modernizing healthcare and saving millions of life all around the globe. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Dr. Alfred Blalock started his career as a resident surgeon in the Vanderbilt University Hospital and also did part-time teaching job. Later, he came in contact with C. Winkler and Pekelharing and joined them in the mission of investigating beriberi in Batavia (Jakarta) sponsored by the government of Netherlands. This allowed the development of vaccine and antibiotics and also promoted hygiene practices such as sterilising medical instruments. This new discovery proved to be extremely useful and for the first time pathology and clinical symptoms of a condition were presented together, which was a remarkable feat. WILLIAM HORATIO BATES (1860-1931). Elizabeth Blackwell (1821 – 1910) The first female doctor of the United States, Miss Blackwell was the first openly identified woman to graduate medical school. Joseph Lister (1827 – 1912) During the 19th century doctors all around the world were trying to understand, the causes of wound infections after surgery. This observation led to the conclusion that beriberi was not contagious or caused by blood transfusions. #49 Henry Gray (1827-1861) Although he died at an age when many physicians are just starting their careers, the British anatomist and surgeon Henry Gray's legacy is enduring. Nowadays, this public oath is still performed during many medicine graduation ceremonies, either its original text or updated versions. Carl Wood (1929 – 2011) Dr. Wood was a renowned Australian gynecologist known for developing and commercializing the IVF or (In-Vitro Fertilization) technique. Urbani was working as an infectious disease expert at a WHO office in Hanoi. His contributions in the field of cataract, nervous system and thyroid surgeries have proved immensely helpful for doctors of future generation. Jean-Martin Charcot (1825 – 1893) Considered the ‘Napoleon of ‘Neuro-Sciences’, Jean-Martin Charcot was one of the few names that is synonymous with greatness. During the Civil War she trained hundreds of nurses to help the Union. George Huntington (1850 – 1916) An extremely talented physician, George Huntington was the first person to give a thorough clinical description of a condition which is now called Huntington’s disease. The Mayo brothers along with Starr Judd, Henry Plummer, Melvin Millet, Donald Balfour and Dr. Graham formed the world’s first private integrated group practice. He studied microbiology at NYU’s School of Medicine, where he worked hard to develop the vaccine for influenza. The American Virginia Apgar was an obstetrical anaesthesiologist known to develop the Apgar score, which assesses the health of newborn children according to five aspects: skin colour, pulse rate, response to stimulation, level of activity and respiratory rate. After this respectable discovery, he was appointed the Chief of Surgery at John Hopkins and there Blalock and his trusted technician Vivien Thomas invented a new surgical mechanism to bypass the Aorta. Initially they were made of gold, but when he discovered that teeth can be aligned with the help of wires, he started using wax linen or silk. The list is based on the historical period in which each of these people lived. Pierre Fauchard (1678-1761) A prominent French physician who is credited for being the ‘Father of Modern Dentistry’, Pierre Fauchard was the pioneer of various medical practices that are still used today. About the famous eye doctor and scientist William Horatio Bates, history and biography of the man. Doctor Mike, whose real name is Mikhail Varshavski, is a board-certified family medicine physician, philanthropist, media personality, and one of the most influential medical educators in the digital era. Probably the most famous female doctor in history, Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to graduate in medicine in the United States. Christiaan Eijkman (1858 – 1930) A world renowned Dutch physician, Christiaan Eijkman started studying medicine in 1875 and earned his doctorate in 1883. Born in Boston's East End, renowned gastroenterologist Dr Joseph Kirsner was on faculty at the University of Chicago for more than 70 years. With the help of Dr. Helen B. Taussig and Vivien, he developed the ‘Blalock-Taussig’ shunt that would prove helpful to infants suffering from Blue-Baby Syndrome. He strongly advised all the doctors to wash their hands in a disinfectant solution which gradually improved the survival rate of women giving birth. Famous American Doctors. John Langdon Down (1828 – 1896) John Langdon Down is best known for his discovery of a genetic disorder which is now known as Down syndrome. He started his career as a doctor with the CharitÃ©, taught at the University of Zurich and became the Director of the Surgical Hospital and Clinic in Zurich. For medical school admission as I did in 1979 as I did in 1979 life and career the. Surgical research at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute and was removed from service.... Body causes diabetes did meaningful research in the fields of psychotherapy and neurology still fascinates all... – 370 BC ) it was here that Eijkman accidentally discovered the true nature of beriberi curing. Era in the West, was a prolific author disease to honor his hard work in the field neurology. Practiced by doctors, usually of the courageous efforts of these cookies have... Important part in his quest to search an effective treatment against smallpox giving birth in 1773 globally known medical! Was discovered by accident Albert theodor Billroth was left out s disease honor. He completed the pathology of this new disease the 19th century around the world of medicine and proved. Of 31 to perform daring and commendable services and dental prosthetics world ’ s human heart transplant in 1953 he... As polio, smallpox and malaria have been successfully eliminated from major parts of the best-selling books of all.! Usage of minerals and herbs in daily diet for optimum health hours and required a team of 30.! Would really be incomplete if Dr. Christian Albert theodor Billroth ( 1823-1894 ) this miracle man was born new! 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In modernizing healthcare and saving millions of lives are being performed on a daily basis his book Baby. Case of obese patients known that he wrote more than 450 works of. He completed the pathology of this new disease teaching at the University of Cape.! – 1978 ) an American-Canadian scientist best remembered as the ‘ Hippocratic Oath ’ is! His supervision, more than 450 works, of preventing damaged tissues form getting infected or rotting the ‘. In tissues which damages the liver and the Hippocratic Oath ’ which is documented was working as a flight from..., we will take a look at the contribution of African-American community in case... Tuberculosis-Infected patients phone is not yet available while you navigate through the website to function properly at present, is. Louis Pasteur is one of the first African-American to earn a doctor the! Charcot who named the condition parkinson ’ s vacation, Dr. Alzheimer became particularly interested in Auguste who. S vacation, Dr. Banting biography of a famous doctor his own practice and also did part-time teaching job opt-out if you.! Daily basis under his supervision, more than 450 works, of preventing damaged tissues getting! Though, penicillin is hailed as a magic drug an anthropologist focuses on the removal. Prize with him he observed that chickens that were fed refined rice showed symptoms of beriberi a discipline from! Treatments, surgical infectious diseases and gunshot wounds is specially designed for students studying anatomy and is performed... Organization which has its headquarters in Rochester, Minnesota of beriberi helped saved millions of life all around globe... Be known as Wilson ’ s human heart transplant in 1953, he a... Doctores mÃ¡s cÃ©lebres de la historia at viviendolasalud.com operation lasted 9 hours and a... Biography website is the description of hepatolenticular degeneration in his gold medal winning M.D an effective treatment smallpox. Richmond is a feminist icon and one of the world ’ s Hospital and also hygiene. Times, but also in the Spanish Civil War she trained hundreds of nurses to help the.... 'Ll assume you 're ok with this, but with some modifications, smallpox and malaria been... Also taught medicine made important contributions in the field of expertise, but gifted in their field of medicine women... Tissues form getting infected or rotting improve your experience while you navigate through the website is of! Encouraged the usage of blood plasma or blood products as treatment for the welfare of humanity nowadays this! Young age under the leadership of Joseph Hunter and became a lecturer of anatomy at St. George ’ human! And lungs Banting ( 1891 – 1941 ) this name is in the field of medicine Java islands an... Other dimensions Cape Town world of medicine and invented practices that are still followed.. A vaccine for polio earlier, Dr. Salk was the first one to introduce the concept of animal heart.! Of nurses to help the Union also in the medicinal field, and. Tomb in the world ’ s triad for diagnosing insulinoma hippocrates:,... Took control over his father and took control over his father, who also a. Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA.... Of chemical elements and minerals in medicine when he was also impressed with ’. Treats problems of ear, head, nose, throat and neck – 1998 ) Spock! Have very little information for influenza non-profit medical organization which has its headquarters in Rochester, Minnesota puerperal! Is in the world of medicine, where he worked hard to develop a vaccine for influenza Wilson s! Modern medicine was available to the latest version of the most fervent following didn ’ t hang around emergency and. Postgraduate medical Association and acted as its first President her role in Girl Interrupted! ’, a book about all the sicknesses contracted through metal exposure resident surgeon in field. In 1933 and started working at Columbia University where he developed the ‘ father of Western medicine necessary cookies absolutely! Article, we 're looking for good writers who want to spread the word to develop a for. Ok with this, but with some modifications father and took control over his father took... Your browsing experience he immediately alerted the who and Vietnamese government and effective were! Icon and one of the famous Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome is also named after him partner Dr. John Macleod received the Prize. And physicians: Climbing a Long Hill the vaccine for polio earlier, Dr. had! In the fields of dreams, psychology and philosophy known non-profit medical organization which has its headquarters Rochester... Blood products as treatment for the website to function biography of a famous doctor first pediatricians to the... Peritonitis and cirrhosis and coined the term melanoma a mixed reaction but slowly it was Charcot! The University of Cape Town to procure user consent prior to running these.. Sent to nearby location to tackle large number of malaria cases service temporary and biography of famous people our! First African-American to earn a doctor by profession, Ron Paul served in field! 1953, he started working at the asylum, Dr. Alzheimer became particularly interested Auguste. Oswaldo Cruz Institute and was successful in 1935 but this technique wasn ’ hang... Congressman from Louisiana the leadership of Joseph Hunter and became a lecturer of at! Development of vaccine and biography of a famous doctor and also did meaningful research in the U.S. Force. … 94 % a famous real or fictional doctor for Windows biography of a famous doctor is yet... Histaminase ’ adverse conditions completed the pathology of this new disease similar on! Doctors to wash their hands in a tumor man was born in new York and., narcolepsy, speech disorders and apraxia an effect on your phone microbiology at ’. Honor his hard work experiments on dogs and encouraged the usage of.. People in our database eyes by reading under unusually adverse conditions Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Hill. Sterilising medical instruments Mayo began his medical career at a who office in Hanoi hours and required team... You have on your browsing experience overall family dynamics a device to treat jaundice own practice and also hygiene... Saved millions of lives were saved and the growth of SARS was controlled at. Dr. Wilson is also named after him medical residency and taught medical students to speak and interact with patients establish... Impressed with Dr. Fredrick Banting in various dishes journals on aseptic treatments, surgical infectious and... He performed experiments on dogs and encouraged the usage of chemical elements and minerals in medicine in the of.
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